Oldest City In South Africa


 

With its temperate Mediterranean climate, stunning surroundings, magnificent backdrop of mountain ranges, modern day facilities and close proximity to all key areas of interest in the Cape Peninsula, Stellenbosch is the best get-away vacation location.

Quickly just after the Cape of Fantastic Hope had been established, the newly-appointed Governor of the Cape, Simon van der Stel, set out on a discovery journey east to discover the wild and untouched land beyond the Cape Peninsula. On six November 1679 he came across a river operating by means of a beautifully green, fertile valley. He named the river “Eerste Rivier” (1st River) and the surrounding region “Van der Stel Bosch” (Van der Stel’s bush).

Ahead of extended, news of the getting of this fertile valley spread and the initially households settled there in 1680. The settlement later became recognized as Stellenbosch, and is the second-oldest city in South Africa. The warm summers and winter rainfall supplied an best farming atmosphere, and by 1682 the settlement had turn into an established town. In 1685 it became the seat of a magistrate, whose authority extended more than 25 000 square kilometers. The initially college was constructed in 1686, followed quickly afterwards by the initially church.

A yearly celebration on Simon van der Stel’s birthday was held in honor of the founder. This tradition was began in 1686 and incorporated games, parades, festivities and dances. As the celebration took spot on October 14th, it was a celebration of spring at the identical time. The highlight of the celebration was when marksmen shot at a wooden parrot to win the key prize, and to this day the hill exactly where this occasion took spot is nonetheless recognized as Papegaaiberg (parrot hill).

Simon van der Stel launched a project to plant oak trees and the mighty trees nonetheless line the streets of Stellenbosch. The town is appropriately recognized as “Eikestad”, or the Town of Oaks. However a current illness has impacted the trees, and the towering oaks are gradually dying. Thankfully, because the oak trees are a symbol of Stellenbosch, the town council began planting new trees quickly just after the discovery of the illness.

In 1866, the Stellenbosch Gymnasium was founded. In 1880 it changed its name to Stellenbosch College, but was renamed in 1887 to Victoria College in honor of Queen Victoria. In 1918 the college officially became the University of Stellenbosch, recognized affectionately as “Maties”. The University has more than the years turn into the heart of Stellenbosch and is regarded as one particular of the very best in the planet.

In the course of the year, the estimated 17 000 students fill the town with a cheerful vibe and bustling activity in the hostels, lecture halls, restaurants, coffee shops, bars and discos. Holidays are the occasions when the tranquillity of the all-natural surroundings and the comparative quiet in the streets enables Stellenbosch a likelihood to breathe and prepare for the influx of young people today that is positive to stick to with the subsequent semester.

Stellenbosch is a treasure of beautifully restored buildings – sophisticated Cape Dutch, Victorian and Georgian architecture can be noticed especially in historic Dorp Street, which is reminiscent of the wealthy and colorful previous. Quite a few international firms have their headquarters in this historical university town. Just outdoors Stellenbosch, nestled in between the majestic Simonsberg, Stellenbosch, Jonkershoek, Twin Peaks and Helderberg mountains, a “clean” sector settlement has been established at Techno Park.

When a quiet small village, Techno Park has turn into a centre for sector, small business and education, as properly as the heart of the wine sector.

Wine and the are of winemaking are woven into the history of Stellenbosch. From its humble beginnings with Simon van der Stel and the Huguenots, the valley has evolved to becoming the centre of the Cape’s wine sector, and produces some of the finest wines in the nation. The well-known Stellenbosch Wine Route, established in 1971, enables you to delight in our fabulous neighborhood wines whilst undertaking entertaining and entertaining expeditions into the countryside. Stellenbosch is an remarkable spot to be.

Events and activities take spot all through the year – music, street, wine and art festivals delight each young and old. Outdoors enthusiasts can partake in hiking, mountain climbing, horse riding and cycling, whilst sports fans can attend international sporting events.

Stellenbosch has a bustling sidewalk caf&eacute scene in the French tradition, outstanding restaurants and coffee shops, modern day purchasing facilities and a vibrant Nightlife. A peaceful, cheerful town and its friendly people today, a by no means-ending option of entertainment and activities and a breathtaking valley with majestic mountains embracing it – this is what tends to make Stellenbosch such a unique tourist and conference location.


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