Welcome to Kiev City Guide,
Over one thousand years old, rich in Slavonic history, Kiev is the capital city of Ukraine. With a population of over 3 million people it is the largest city in the country.
It has rapidly become a more popular destination for tourists than Moscow for its comparable size.
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Kiev A Time Line History
Archaeologists tell that there were people living in the Kiev area as far back as 20,000 years ago. According to the chronicles the city was founded in 482 by the brothers Kiy, Schchek, Khoriv and their sister Lybed. The city name came from the eldest brother Kiy. The successors of Kiy were in control of the city until the 9th century.
Military campaign by Prince Askold of Kiev against Byzantium, Christening of Askold.
882-912. The Varangian Prince Oleg arrived from Novgorad to rule and turn the city into a large state connected with the lands of Novgorod, after killing the rulers of the city, Askold and Dir. Olegs words about Kiev became proverbial “Here will be the mother of Rus cities.” This was the beginning of the Kievan Rus’ state which lasted until the year 1240 when the Mongols (Tatars) invaded. Oleg also was entrusted by Rurik to look after his son Igor (Ingvar) who became Olegs successor.
Death of Prince Oleg. Chronicles tell of a legendary story that a profit told Oleg he would die from falling off his favourite horse. Oleg decided never to ride his prized horse again. When the horse died, Oleg laughed and stepped on the horses skull. A snake emerged from the skull and bit Oleg on the leg, killing him.
Igor Rurikovich gets killed by the Drevlianians a tribe that inhabited the forests north west of the city. After the death of Igor Rurikovich, his wife Princess Olga takes rule from 945 to 969 as regent for her son Sviatoslav 1. Princess Olga was the first ruler to convert to Christianity. She tried hard to spread Christianity, but failed to convert her son Sviatoslav 1. It was left to the illegitimate son named Vladimir Sviatoslavich to make Christianity the lasting state religion.
Related links: Monument to Cyrill, Methodius, St. Andrew and Princess Olga.
972-980. Prince Yaropolk the son of Sviatoslav 1, ruled. However after the death of Sviatoslav 1, civil war broke out between the brothers.
980-1015. Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich the illegitimate son of Sviatoslav 1, takes to the throne after defeating his brother, Yaropolk. This was a time of great change.
Related links: Monument to Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich.
1019-1054. Yaroslav the wise came to rule.
Related links: Monument To Yaroslav The Wise. (Andriyivsky Spusk.) Monument To Yaroslav The Wise. (The Golden Gate.)
In the first half of the century, the nomadic Pecheneg tribe began to attack the Ukrainian populace living in the border regions of the Ukrainian state of Kievan Rus’. During the year 1036, the Pechenegs approached Kyiv itself, stopping just before the city ramparts. Yaroslav the Wise, was extremely distressed at seeing this enemy encampment just outside his great city.
Knowing it would not be an easy task to rout the Pechenegs, it is said that he prayed to the Blessed Virgin Mary, promising her that he would build a church in her honour if he obtained victory in the difficult battle ahead. There was indeed a fierce battle for possession of the city of Kyiv but, though the military might of the Pechenegs was great, King Yaroslav inflicted a devastating blow upon the army of the Pechenegs and virtually drove them off Ukrainian soil.
If you are planning a visit to Kiev, then maybe you would like help with accommodation and transfers.